Rudra RaiMD

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single stranded RNA virus of the Hepacivirus genus in the Flaviviridae family. Discovered in 1990 as a causative agent for posttransfusion non-A, non-B hepatitis, it is now known to infect 1.8% of the US population (between 4 to 5 million seropositive individuals). Recent studies performed on serum samples from 21,241 persons 6 years of age or older who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted during 1988 through to 1994, estimated the number of patients with active HCV infection to be roughly 2.7 million people in the United States. This prevalence has remained stable through the past decade. Worldwide, estimates suggest that there are approximately 170 to 200 million people with HCV infection.

There are approximately 30,000 new cases of acute HCV infection diagnosed each year in the United States. However, the incidence of new infections has declined dramatically over the past decade with improved safety of the blood supply and recognition of potential risk factors. The predominant mode of transmission of HCV has shifted from posttransfusion-associated hepatitis to injection drug use. Other modes of transmission include nosocomial (eg, in hemodialysis units), intranasal cocaine use, tattoos, body piercing, sexual transmission, and perinatal exposure.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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