There are several etiologies of lower GI bleeding, divertic-ulosis being the most common. Colonoscopy has become the initial test of choice in lower GI bleeding both for diagnosis and therapy. Mesenteric angiography is usually reserved for patients with massive bleeding, when poor visibility will limit the yield of endoscopy, or with ongoing hemorrhage. As with colonoscopy, angiography can serve both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Both interventions are equivalent in controlling hemorrhage, rebleeding rate, mortality, and length of hospital stay. Surgery is an option when other methods fail or for definitive treatment of recurrent hemorrhage. Every attempt should be made to localize the site and limit the extent of resection to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with the operation.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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