Supplemental Reading

Abraham SC, Singh VK, Yardley JH, Wu TT. Hyperplastic polyps of the stomach. Associations with histologic patterns of gastritis and gastric atrophy. Am J Surg Pathol 2001;25:500-7.

Borch K, Skarsgard J, Franzen L, et al. Benign gastric polyps: morphological and functional origin. Dig Dis Sci 2003;48:1292-7.

Brown LM, Devesa SS. Epidemiologic trends in esophageal and gastric cancer in the United States. Surg Oncol Clin N Am 2002;11:235-56.

Caldas C, Carneiro F, Lynch HT, et al. Familial gastric cancer: overview and guidelines for management. J Med Genet 1999; 36:873-80.

Dixon MF. Prospects for intervention in gastric carcinogenesis: reversibility of gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. Gut 2001;49:2-4.

Fletcher J, Wirz A, Young J, et al. Unbuffered highly acidic gastric juice exists at the gastroesophageal junction after a meal. Gastroenterol 2001;121:775-83.

Ginsberg GG, al-Kawas FH, Fleischer DE, et al. Gastric polyps: relationship of size and histology to cancer risk. Am J Gastroenterol 1996;91:714-7.

Hirota WK. Specialized intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction: prevalence and clinical data. Gastroenterol 1999;116:277-85.

Kapadia CR. Gastric atrophy, metaplasia, and dysplasia: a clinical perspective. J Clin Gastroenterol 2003;36:S29-36.

Katzka DA, Gideon RM, Castell DO. Normal patterns of acid exposure at the gastric cardia: a functional midpoint between the esophagus and stomach. Am J Gastroenterol 1998;93:1236-42.

Lahner E, Caruana P, D'Ambra G, et al. First endoscopic-histologic follow-up in patients with body-predominant atrophic gastritis: when should it be done? Gastrointest Endosc 2001;53:443-8.

Ljubicic N, Banic M, Kujundzic M, et al. The effect of eradicating Helicobacter pylori infection on the course of adenomatous and hyperplastic gastric polyps. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999;11:727-30.

Lunn JA, Weinstein WM. Gastric biopsy [In Process Citation]. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2000;10:723-38, vii.

Nogueira AMMF, Carneiro F, Seruca R, et al. Microsatellite instability in hyperplastic and adenomatous polyps of the stomach. Cancer 1999;86:1649-56.

Vandenborre KM, Ghillebert GL, Rutgeerts LJ, et al. Hypertrophic lymphocytic gastritis with a gastric carcinoma. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998;10:797-801.

Weinstein WM. Carditis and cardia intestinal metaplasia are Helicobacter pylori related. In: Hunt RH, Tytgat GNJ, editors. Helicobacter pylori: basic mechanisms to clinical cure. Dordecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2000. p. 299-307.

Weinstein WM. Mucosal biopsy techniques and interaction with the pathologist [In Process Citation]. Gastrointest Endosc Clin NAm 2000;10:555-72, v.

Weinstein WM, Goldstein NS. Gastric dysplasia and its management. Gastroenterol 1994;107:1543-5.

Zivny J, Wang TC, Yantiss R, et al. Role of therapy or monitoring in preventing progression to gastric cancer. J Clin Gastroenterol 2003;36:S50-60.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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