Supplemental Reading

Angulo P, Lindor KD. Primary sclerosing cholangitis. Hepatology

1999;30:325-32. Bergquist A, Ekbom A, Olsson R, et al. Hepatic and extrahepatic malignancies in primary sclerosing cholangitis. J Hepatol 2002;36:321-7.

Boberg KM, Bergquist A, Mitchell S, et al. Cholangiocarcinoma in primary sclerosing cholangitis: risk factors and clinical presentation. Scand J Gastroenterol 2002;37:1205-11.

Broome U. Management of primary sclerosing cholangitis and its complications in adult patients. Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2002;65:37-44.

Burak KW, Angulo P, Lindor KD. Is there a role for liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis? Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98:1155-8.

Chapman RW. The management of primary sclerosing cholangitis. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2003;5:9-17.

De Vreede I, Steers JL, Burch PA, et al. Prolonged disease-free survival after orthotopic liver transplantation plus adjuvant chemoirradiation for cholangiocarcinoma. Liver Transpl 2000;6:309-16.

Gores GJ. Cholangiocarcinoma: current concepts and insights.

Hepatology 2003;37:961-9. Graziadei IW, Wiesner RH, Marotta PJ, et al. Long-term results of patients undergoing liver transplantation for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Hepatology 1999;30:1121-7. Patel T. Increasing incidence and mortality of primary intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the United States. Hepatology 2000; 33:1353-7.

Peters RL, Craig JR, editors. Liver pathology. Contemporary issues in surgical pathology. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1986.

Management of Wilson's Disease

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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