Supplemental Reading

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Berg C. Use of colesevelam hydrochloride (Welchol) as a novel therapeutic agent for the management of refractory pruritus in chronic liver disease. Hepatology 2001;34:541.

Bergasa NV, Alling DW, Talbot TL, et al. Naloxone ameliorates the pruritus of cholestasis: results of a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1995;123:161-7.

Bergasa NV, Alling DW, Talbot TL, et al. Oral nalmefene therapy reduces scratching activity due to the pruritus of cholestasis: a controlled study. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1999;41:431-4.

Borgeat A, Wilder-Smith OHG, Mentha G. Subhypnotic doses of propofol relieve pruritus associated with liver disese. Gastroenterol 1993;104:244-7.

Datta DV, Sherlock S. Cholestyramine for long term relief of the pruritus complicating intrahepatic cholestasis. Gastroenterol 1966;50:323-32.

Frezza M, Surrenti C, Manzillo G, et al. Oral S-adenosylmethionine in the symptomatic treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Gastroenterol 1990;99:211-5.

Ghent CN, Carruthers SG. Treatment of pruritus in primary biliary cirrhosis with rifampin. Results of a double-blind, crossover, randomized trial. Gastroenterol 1988;94:488-93.

Jeffrey GP, Muller DP, Burroughs AK, et al. Vitamin E deficiency and its clinical significance in adults with primary biliary cirrhosis and other forms of chronic liver disease. J Hepatol 1987;4:307-17.

Joannidis M, Bellmann R, Graziadei I, et al. In: Current indications for the albumin dialysis: intractable pruritus. 4th International Symposium on Albumin Dialysis in Liver Disease; 2002; Rostock-Warnemünde: 2002. p. 27.

Jones EA. Relief from profound fatigue associated with chronic liver disease by long-term ondansetron therapy. Lancet 1999;354:397.

Jones EA, Neuberger J, Bergasa NV. Opiate antagonist therapy for the pruritus of cholestasis: the avoidance of opioid withdrawallike reactions. QJM 2002;95:547-52.

Lauterburg BH, Pineda AA, Dickson ER, et al. Plasmaperfusion for the treatment of intractable pruritus of cholestasis. Mayo Clin Proc 1978;53:403-7.

Longo M, Crosignani A, Battezzati PM, et al. Hyperlipidaemic state and cardiovascular risk in primary biliary cirrhosis. Gut 2002;51:265-9.

Muller C, Pongratz S, Pidlich J, et al. Treatment of pruritus of chronic liver disease with the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor type 3 antagonist ondnsetron: a randomized, placebo-controlled, doubleblind cross-over trial. European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 1998;10:865-70.

Neff GW, O'Brien CB, Reddy KR, et al. Preliminary observation with dronabinol in patients with intractable pruritus secondary to cholestatic liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97:2117-9.

Ng VL, Ryckman FC, Porta G, et al. Long-term outcome after partial external biliary diversion for intractable pruritus in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutri 2000;30:152-6.

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Turner IB, Rawlins MD, Wood P, James OF. Flumecinol for the treatment of pruritus associated with primary biliary cirrhosis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1994;8:337-42.

Walt R, Daneshmend T, Fellows I. Effect of stanozolol on itching in primary biliary cirrhosis. BMJ 1988;296:607. Walt RP, Kemp CM, Lyness L, et al. Vitamin A treatment for night blindness in primary biliary cirrhosis. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984;288:1030-1.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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