Supplemental Reading

Dean PA, Dozois RR. Surgical options—ileoanal pouch. In: Allan RN, Rhodes JM, Hanauer SB, et al, editors. Inflammatory bowel diseases, 3rd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone; 1997. p. 761-72. de Silva HJ, Kettlewell MGW, Mortensen NJ, Jewell DP. Acute inflammation in ileal pouches. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1991;3:343-9.

Levitt MD, Kuan M. The physiology of ileo-anal pouch function.

Am J Surg 1998;176:384-9. Mahadevan U, Sandborn WJ. Diagnosis and management of pouchitis. Gastroenterology 2003;124:1636-50. Meagher AP, Farouk R, Dozois RR, et al. J ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis: complications and long-term outcome in 1310 patients. Br J Surg 1998;85:800-3. Metcalf AM, Phillips SF. Ileostomy diarrhea. In: Krejs GJ, editor. Clinics in gastroenterology. London: WB Saunders Company; 1986. p. 705-22.

Ricart E, Panaccione R, Loftus EV, et al. Successful management of Crohn's disease of the ileoanal pouch with infliximab. Gastroenterology 1999;117:429-32. Schmidt CM, Horton KM, Sitzmann JV, et al. Simple radiographic evaluation of ileo and pouch volume. Dis Colon Rectum 1995;38:203-8.

Stryker SJ, Kelly KA, Phillips SF, et al. Anal and neorectal function after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Ann Surg 1986;203:55-61. Thompson-Fawcett MW, Mortensen NJ, Warren BF. "Cuffitis" and inflammatory changes in the columnar cuff, anal transitional zone, and ileal reservoir after stapled pouchanal anastomosis. Dis Colon Rectum 1999;42:348-55.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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