Supplemental Reading

Bai JC, Crosetti EE, Maurino EC et al. Short-term antibiotic treatment in Whipple's Disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 1991;13:303-7.

Bentley SD, Maiwald M, Murphy LD et al. Sequencing and analysis of the genome of the Whipple's disease bacterium Tropheryma whipplei. Lancet 2003;361:637-44. Dobbins WO III. Whipple's disease. Springfield (IL): Thomas; 1987. Feurle GE, Marth T. An evaluation of antimicrobial treatment for Whipple's disease. Tetracycline versus Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole. Dig Dis Sci 1994;39:1642-8. Fleming JL, Wiesner RH, Shorter RG. Whipple's disease: clinical, biochemical, and histopathologic features and assessment of treatment in 29 patients. Mayo Clin Proc 1988;63:539-51. Keinath RD, Merrel DE, Vlietstra R, Dobbins WO III. Antibiotic treatment and relapse in Whipple's disease. Long-term follow-up of 88 patients. Gastroenterol 1985;88:1867-73. Knox DL, Bayless TM, Pittman FE. Neurologic disease impatients with treated Whipple's disease. Medicine 1976;55:467-76. Maiwald M, von Herbay A, Relman DAR. Whipple disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Sleisenger MH, editors. Sleisenger & Fordtran's gastrointestinal and liver disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2002; p. 1854-63. Schneider T, Stallmach A, von Herbay A, et al. Treatment of refractory Whipple's disease with interferon gamma. Ann Intern Med 1998;29:875-7. Vital Durand D, Lecomte C, Cathebras P, et al. Whipple disease: clinical review of 52 cases. Medicine (Baltimore) 1997;76:170-84. von Herbay A. Whipple's Disease Online. 2003. Available at:

<> (accessed 2003). von Herbay A, Ditton HJ, Maiwald M. Diagnostic application of a polymerase chain reaction assay for the Whipple's disease bacterium to intestinal biopsies. Gastroenterol 1996;110:1735-43. von Herbay A, Ditton HJ, Schuhmacher F, Maiwald M. Whipple's disease: staging and monitoring by cytology and polymerase chain reaction analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. Gastroenterol 1997;113:434-41. von Herbay A, Maiwald M, Ditton HJ, Otto HF. Histology of intestinal Whipple's disease revisited. A study of 48 patients. Virchows Arch 1996;429:335-43. von Herbay A, Otto HF. Whipple's disease: a report of 22 patients. Klin Wochenschr 1988;66:533-9.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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