The principle of thermocoagulation is the generation of heat on the bleeding vessel such that edema develops, tissue proteins coagulate, and the vessel contracts. Contact devices allow coaptation of the responsible vessel, which likely contributes to the hemostatic effect. Tissue coagulation requires a temperature of approximately 70°C.

Four classes of thermal coagulation devices are available as follows: (1) heaterprobe (HP), (2) multi-polar/bipolar electrocautery (MPEC/BPEC), (3) argon plasma coagulation (APC), and (4) laser thermocoagulation. The first two are contact devices and employ coaptation in addition to heat to initiate hemostasis. The latter two are non-contact devices.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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