Barrier and protective preparations

These preparations protect against softening and maceration from moisture in flexures, for example the groins. They also have an occlusive effect. They are essentially bases with zinc oxide or silicone (as dimethicone). There are many preparations; some of the most commonly used are:

• Zinc cream BP, contains zinc oxide, arachis oil, and lanolin

• Zinc and castor oil ointment BP

• Conotrane (Yamanoouchi) and Siopel (Bioglan), contain dimeticone (dimethicone)

• Metanium (Roche), contains titanium dioxide

• Sudocrem (Forest) and Drapolene (Pfizer), contain lanolin.

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