The consistency and properties of ointment and cream depend on the ratio of oil or grease to water (that is, whether they are oil in water or water in oil) and the emulsifying agents used. For example, emulsifying ointment contains soft white paraffin, emulsifying ointment, and liquid paraffin.
The oils and greases range from mineral oil through soft paraffin to solid waxes. Some are naturally occurring, such as lanolin and beeswax. Creams or ointments may be used on their own as emollients or as vehicles for active ingredients.
Water Lotion/ Powder suspension
Composition of bases
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