Cytotoxic reactions

In this case cells become the target of attack by circulating antibodies. There are a number of causes, such as drugs or proteins attached to the cell surface that act as haptens so they

Reaction to fish protein
Type I—immediate hypersensitivity
Type II—cytotoxic

become antigenic. This occurs in drug induced haemolysis from drugs. Alternatively, immune complexes are attached to the surface of the cell with the incorporation of complement leading to lysis. In haemolytic anaemia and incompatible blood transfusions antibodies are formed against erythrocytes. They may also be destroyed by killer cells. A typical example is haemolytic anaemia.

This immune response is the means of destroying cells that become antigenic as a result of being infected with virus.

In autoimmune diseases antibodies are directed against specific structures.

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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