Operant Conditioning Model

The operant conditioning model is basically atheoret-ical. This approach emphasizes the use of reinforcement, positive, negative, and punishment, that are made contingent on selected ongoing physiological responses, and the learning that follows the application of reinforcement. Research in this area has focused on a variety of conditioning principles, physiological responses, and human and animal behavior. The emphasis has been on examining similarities and differences between conditioning of skeletal motor and visceral or neural processes within the individual. Systematic exploration of operant techniques has not occurred and there needs to be a more consistent examination on the effects of the environment on physiological regulation. Examples are evaluating the effects of combining different schedules and types of reinforcement with the feedback on a person's ability to learn to change a physiological response.

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