The Physical Environment

The influence of the physical environment should be examined. Physical arrangements in residential and day care settings influence behavior. Unwanted behaviors may be encouraged by available materials. For example, toys that are visible to children may distract them from educational tasks. Temperature changes affect behavior as do degree of crowding and noise level. Characteristics of the community in which clients live that may influence complaints and possible intervention options should be assessed. Neighborhood quality influences well-being. For example, children who live in lower quality environments (e.g., there is little

Clinical Assessment play space, housing is in industrial neighborhoods, upkeep of streets is poor) are less satisfied with their lives, experience more negative emotions, and have more restricted and less positive friendship patterns. There is a relationship between number of nonaccidental injuries to children and the physical conditions of the home which is related to socioeconomic status.

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