There is a wide variety of cognitive conditions that deleteriously affect learning, memory, and attention but that do not involve other psychopathology. For example, Attentional Deficit Disorder with and without hyperactivity (ADHD and ADD), senile dementia, and Alzheimer's disease are familiar to the public. Each of these conditions can have profound negative effects on daily living and quality of life. Psychopharmacologic treatment for these conditions is an active, current topic of interest with modest success to date. For example, ADHD is treated with stimulants (including dextroamphetamine, methylphenidate [Ritalin], and pemoline), antidepressants (including imipra-mine, desipramine, and nortriptyline), and clonidine. Memory deficit-related conditions are an area of great interest and experimental investigations are examining various medications, including drugs that act as: do-paminergic agonists, a-2 adrenergic agonists, cholin-ergic agonists, general cerebral metabolic enhancers, calcium channel blockers, and serotonergic agents.
Was this article helpful?
Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD is a very complicated, and time and again misinterpreted, disorder. Its beginning is physiological, but it can have a multitude of consequences that come alongside with it. That apart, what is the differentiation between ADHD and ADD ADHD is the abbreviated form of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, its major indications being noticeable hyperactivity and impulsivity.