List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

*, f indicate the same organization, with dates given for name changes

APE Action Programme for the Environment

AWF African Wildlife Foundation

AWLF African Wildlife Leadership Foundation

CABS Center for Applied Biodiversity Science

CAMPFIRE Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous

Resources (Zimbabwe)

CBD Convention on Biological Diversity

CI Conservation International

CITES Convention on Trade in Endangered Species

COBRA Conservation of Biodiverse Areas

CPRE Council for the Preservation of Rural England (now Campaign for the Protection of Rural England)

DHKD Dogal Hayati Koruma Dernegi

DRC Democratic Republic of Congo

DTC Development through Conservation (Uganda)

ECOSOC Economic and Social Council (UN)

EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

EIA Environmental Investigation Agency

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization (UN)

FFI Fauna & Flora International* (from 1992)

FFPS Fauna and Flora Preservation Society* (from 1980)

FoE Friends of the Earth

FPS Fauna Preservation Society* (from 1950)

GEF Global Environmental Facility

GIS geographic information systems

ICBP International Council for Bird Preservation (previously

International Committee for Bird Preservation, now BirdLife International)

ICDPs integrated conservation and development projects

IFAW International Fund for Animal Welfare

IGCP International Gorilla Conservation Programme

IOPN International Office for the Protection of Nature

IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources^ (the World Conservation Union) (from 1956)

IUPN International Union for the Preservation of Nature^ (pre 1956)

IWC International Whaling Commission

LIRDP Lwangwa Integrated Resource Development Project

MAB Man and the Biosphere

NCC Nature Conservancy Council

NEPA National Environmental Policy Act (US)

NERC Natural Environment Research Council

NGO non-governmental organization

PTES People's Trust for Endangered Species

RSPB Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

SCOPE Scientific Committee for Problems of the Environment

SPFE Society for the Preservation of the Fauna of the Empire*

(from 1919)

SPNR Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves

SPWFE Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of the Empire*

(pre 1919)

SSC Species Survival Commission

TRAFFIC Trade Records Analysis of Flora and Fauna in Commerce UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and


UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNSCCUR United Nations Scientific Conference on the Conservation and

Utilization of Resources (Lake Success Conference) USAID United States Agency for International Development

WCS World Conservation Strategy

WWF World Wildlife Fund (now World Wide Fund for Nature)

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