Intravenous Scalp Vein

Erythema Newborns

Figure 7.19. Calcification of the scalp veins following intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate and calcium gluconate. Deep areas of necrosis may occur following infiltration from intravenous solutions containing calcium.

7.20

Figure 7.19. Calcification of the scalp veins following intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate and calcium gluconate. Deep areas of necrosis may occur following infiltration from intravenous solutions containing calcium.

Abscess Leg Veins
Figure 7.20. Radiographic series of an infant's leg with soft tissue and intravascular calcifications. This infant received calcium gluconate through a "cut-down" in the ankle. There are two patterns of calcification: amorphous ("bulky") and vascular (going up through the thigh).

7.21

Extravasation Sodium Bicarbonate
Figure 7.21. Soft tissue swelling and erythema in this infant with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and abscess. Abscess formation can occur frequently alone or in association with bacteremia at old venipuncture sites.
Scalp Veins Infants

Figure 7.22. Infant with staphylococcal scalp infection following scalp vein infusion.

7.22

Figure 7.22. Infant with staphylococcal scalp infection following scalp vein infusion.

Figure 7.24. Transillumination of the scalp of an infant following infiltration of fluid from an intravenous scalp infusion. Extravasation of fluid in the scalp or scalp edema will transilluminate.

Staphylococcal Infections Images

Figure 7.23. This scalp defect occurred as the result of a staphylococcal infection with an underlying osteomyelitis of the skull.

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