Estimating the Economic Burden of PCOS

We calculated the health care-related economic burden in PCOS based on the above prevalences of disease (64). We restricted the calculation to the United States only, although we recognize that PCOS is an international disorder. However, we should note that our estimation is highly conservative because we did not include a number of costs for which we did not have accurate and present-day prevalence and monetary estimates (Table 1). We did include the costs of the initial evaluation, detailed...

Anovulation Is A Characteristic Feature Of Pcos. It Manifests As Menstrual Disturbance 80 Amenorrhoea Oligoamenorrhea

Patient With Hyperandrogenism

The features of PCOS may be elicited when obtaining the medical history or upon the physical examination. The ovarian morphological and the biochemical and metabolic features of the disorder are discussed in Chapters 16 and 17. The evaluation of patients with androgen excess, including PCOS, is discussed in Chapter 33. 2.1. Features Elicitable by Medical History In this section, we will outline important information that the medical history will elicit concerning the features of PCOS, including...

Medical History and Physical Examination in Patients With Possible Androgen Excess

Modified Ferriman Gallwey Score

We outline here the basics of the medical history and physical exam in the patient suspected of suffering from androgen excess. The timing and pace of pubertal development and its relation to complaints of unwanted hair growth, hair loss, acne, and or obesity should be established. The onset and progression of these complaints should also be established. Drug or medication use and exposure or use of skin irritants should be elicited. A detailed menstrual history should be obtained, with an...