Causes Of Hyperkalemic Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

Deficiency of aldosterone Associated with glucocorticoid deficiency Addison's disease Bilateral adrenalectomy Enzymatic defects 21-Hydroxylase deficiency 3-ß-ol-Dehydrogenase deficiency Desmolase deficiency Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Isolated aldosterone deficiency Genetically transmitted Corticosterone methyl oxidase deficiency Transient (infants) Sporadic Heparin

Deficient renin secretion Diabetic nephropathy Tubulointerstitial renal disease Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs ß-adrenergic blockers Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Renal transplantation Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibition Endogenous

Captopril and related drugs Angiotensin AT, receptor blockers

Resistance to aldosterone action Pseudohypoaldosteronism type I (with salt wasting) Childhood forms with obstructive uropathy Adult forms with renal insufficiency Spironolactone

Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II

(without salt wasting) Combined aldosterone deficiency and resistance Deficient renin secretion Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity Uncertain renin status Voltage-mediated defects Obstructive uropathy Sickle cell anemia Lithium Triamterene Amiloride

Trimethoprim, pentamidine Renal transplantation

0 0

Post a comment