Metabolic regulation studies. Multiple studies of the strict metabolic regulation of type I and type II diabetes all indicate that reduction of hyperglycemic levels to near normal slows the rate of renal functional deterioration. In this study, the albumin excretion rate (AER)— another way of expressing albuminuria—correlates directly with hyperglycemia, as indicated by hemoglobin A1 (Hb A1) levels in both type I (A) and type II (B) diabetes. As for other studies using different markers, the courses of both types of diabetes over time were found to be equivalent. (From Gilbert and coworkers ; with permission.)
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