Causes Of Hyperphosphatemia

Pseudohyperphosphatemia

Increased endogenous loads

Reduced urinary excretion

Miscellaneous

Multiple myeloma

Tumor lysis syndrome

Renal failure

Fluoride poisoning

Extreme hypertriglyceridemia

Rhabdomyolysis

Hypoparathyroidism

ß-Blocker therapy

In vitro hemolysis

Bowel infarction

Hereditary

Verapamil

Increased exogenous phosphorus

Malignant hyperthermia

Acquired

Hemorrhagic shock

load or absorption

Phosphorus-rich cow's milk in premature neonates Vitamin D intoxication PO34-containing enemas Intravenous phosphorus supplements White phosphorus burns Acute phosphorus poisoning

Heat stroke Acid-base disorders Organic acidosis Lactic acidosis Ketoacidosis Respiratory acidosis Chronic respiratory alkalosis

Pseudohypoparathyroidism Vitamin D intoxication Growth hormone Insulin-like growth factor-1 Glucocorticoid withdrawal Mg2+ deficiency Tumoral calcinosis Diphosphonate therapy Hyopophosphatasia

Sleep deprivation

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