Figure 102

Occupational exposure to metals and risks for chronic renal failure. Comparison of the occupational histories of 272 patients with chronic renal failure with those of a matched control group having normal renal function has shown an increased risk of chronic renal failure after exposure to mercury, tin, chromium, copper, and lead. In this study the increased risk with exposure to cadmium was not statistically significant. Squares indicate odds ratios; circles indicate CIs. (Adapted from Nuyts and coworkers [1]; with permission.)

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