Figure 1038

Chronic hepatitis B infection in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive renal transplant recipients. Results of liver biopsies performed peritransplant and a median of 66 months later in 131 of 151 HBsAg+ patients. Histologic determination was seen in 85.3% of patients rebiopsied, with hepa-tocellular carcinoma seen in eight of 35 patients with cirrhosis. Patients had not been treated with anti-hepatitis B virus agents. With a median age of 46, 151 patients were HBsAg positive (35 female, 116 male). Immunosuppression in 124 patients was with prednisone and azathioprine, and in 27 patients was with cyclosporine, azathioprine, and prednisone. (From Fornairon and coworkers [18]; with permission.)

CHRONIC HEPATITIS B INFECTION: CAUSES OF DEATH IN 151 HBSAG-POSITIVE PATIENTS OVER 125 MONTHS

Liver related (n= 15)

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 6

Hepatocellular carcinoma 4

Liver failure 5

Fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis 2

Cancer Sepsis

Cardiovascular

Stroke

Other

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