Figure 1121

Risk factors that predispose to contrast-associated nephropathy. In random populations undergoing radiocontrast imaging the incidence of contrasts associated nephropathy defined by a change in serum creatinine of more than 0.5 mg/dL or a greater than 50% increase over baseline, is between 2% and 7%. For confirmed high-risk patients (baseline serum creatinine values greater than 1.5 mg/dL) it rises to 10% to 35%. In addition, there are suspected risk factors that should be taken into consideration when considering the value of contrast-enhanced imaging.

Hypersomolar radiocontrast medium

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