Figure 1219

Algorithm for evaluating patients with low-renin hypertension. Glucocorticoid-remedial aldosteronism (GRA), Liddle's syndrome, and apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME) can be distinguished from one another by characteristic urinary steroid profiles [31]. K+—potassium ion; PE—physical examination; TH18oxoF/THAD—ratio of urinary 18-oxotetrahydrocortisol (TH18oxoF) to urinary tetrahydroaldosterone (normal: 0-0.4; GRA patients: >1); THF + allo-THF/THE—ratio of the combined urinary tetrahydrocortisol and allotetrahydrocortisol to urinary tetrahydrocortisone (normal: <1.3; AME patients: 5-10-fold higher).

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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