Figure 162

Different diseases causing end-stage renal disease in children and adults. The leading causes of chronic renal failure in young children are inherited disorders or congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract, especially obstructive uropathy and reflux nephropathy. Focal segmental glomeru-losclerosis and other glomerular disorders are seen more often in older children. Almost no children develop end-stage renal disease as a result of diabetic nephropathy and hypertension, the leading causes of end-stage renal disease in adults. (From Harmon [4]; with permission.)

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