Figure 17

Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) bacteriologic standards for dialysis water and prepared dialysate. Excess bacteria in water can lead to pyrogen reactions. Treated water supply systems are designed so that there are no dead-end connections. Because the antiseptic agents (chlorine and chloramine) have been removed in water treatment, the water is prone to develop such problems if stagnation is allowed. (From Bland and Favero [3]; with permission.)

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