Figure 1818

Electrolytes in acute renal failure (ARF): causes of hyperkalemia and hyperphosphatemia. ARF frequently is associated with hyper-kalemia and hyperphosphatemia. Causes are not only impaired renal excretion of electrolytes but release during catabolism, altered distribution in intracellular and extracellular spaces, impaired cellular uptake, and acidosis. Thus, the type of underlying disease and degree of hypercatabolism also determine the occurrence and severity of electrolyte abnormalities. Either hypophosphatemia or hyperphosphatemia can predispose to the development and maintenance of ARF [37].

0 0

Post a comment