Figure 716

Renal complications of HIV. Renal complications are frequent, and these rates are expected to increase as patients with HIV live longer. Many renal diseases are incidental and are the consequences of opportunistic infections, neoplasms, or the treatment of these infections and tumors. The renal diseases include a variety of acid-base and electrolyte disturbances, acute renal failure having various causes, specific HIV-associated nephropathies, and renal infections and tumors.

Hypovolemia

Tubular dysfunction

Mineralocorticoid deficiency

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

Hemodilution

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