Figure 812

Causes of acute renal failure (ARF) relative to age. Although the cause of ARF is usually multifactorial, one can define the cause of each case as the most likely contributor to impairment of renal function. One interesting approach is to distribute the causes of ARF according to age. This figure shows the main causes of ARF, dividing a population diagnosed with ARF into the very elderly (at least 80 years), elderly (65 to 79), and young (younger than 65). Essentially, acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is less frequent (P=0.004) and obstructive ARF more frequent (P<0.001) in the very old than in the youngest patients. Prerenal diseases appear with similar frequency in the three age groups. (Data from Pascual et al. [3].)

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