The 5-year patient survival rates for recipients of cadaveric and living-donor kidney transplantations were 81% and 90%, respectively [13]. Kidney transplantation survival rates have steadily improved since the 1970s because of the following: careful recipient selection and preparation, improvement in histocompatibility techniques and organ sharing, contributions from our colleagues in government and the judiciary, improvements in immunosuppressive therapy and infection control, careful monitoring of recipients, and refinement of surgical techniques. What we accomplish today as a matter of routine was only imagined by a few just decades ago.

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