Info

Azotemia

Enhanced proximal fluid and urea reabsorption secondary to volume depletion

Hypochloremia, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis

Increased delivery of sodium to distal tubule facilitating Na+-K+and Na+-H+exchange; increased net acid excretion; increased urinary flow rate; secondary aldosteronism

Hypomagnesemia

Increase fractional Mg2+ excretion by inhibiting reabsorption in ascending limb of loop of Henle

Hyponatremia

Impaired free water clearance (distal cortical diluting segment)

Hypercalcemia

May reflect an increased protein-bound fraction secondary to volume depletion

Hyperuricemia

Impair enhanced proximal fluid and urate reabsorption secondary to volume depletion

Carbohydrate intolerance

Hypokalemia impairing insulin secretion; decreased insulin sensitivity

Hyperlipidemia

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