Pulmonary crackles Ascites

Jugular venous distention Hepatojugular reflux Hypertension

Orthostatic decrease in blood pressure and increase in pulse rate Decreased pulse volume Decreased venous pressure Loss of axillary sweating Decreased skin turgor Dry mucous membranes



Acid-base disturbances

Abnormal plasma potassium

Decrease in glomerular filtration rate

Elevated blood urea nitrogen-creatinine ratio

Low functional excretion of sodium (FE^)

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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