Info

History

Examination

Laboratory

History

Examination

Laboratory

Trauma to muscles

Can be normal

Serum creatinine disproportionately

Condition associated with

Can be normal

Normocytic anemia

Condition known

Muscle edema,

elevated related to BUN

intravascular hemolysis

Pallor

High red cell LDH fraction

to predispose to nontraumatic rhabdomyolysis Muscle pain or stiffness

weakness, pain Neurovascular entrapment or compartment syndromes in severe cases

Elevated (10-fold) enzymes (CK, SGOT, LDH, adolase) Elevations of plasma potassium, uric acid, phosphorus, and hypocalcemia

(red cell trauma, antibody-mediated hemolysis, direct red cell toxicity, sickle cell disease)

Flank pain

Reticulocytosis Low haptoglobin Urinalysis with pigmented granular casts, (+) stick reaction for blood in absence

Dark urine

Flank pain

Urinalysis with pigmented granular casts, (+) stick reaction for blood in the absence of hematuria, and myoglobin test if available Clear plasma

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