Signs And Symptoms Of Metabolic Alkalosis

Central

Nervous System

Cardiovascular System

Respiratory System

Neuromuscular System

Metabolic Effects

Renal (Associated Potassium Depletion)

Headache

Lethargy

Stupor

Delirium

Tetany

Seizures

Potentiation of hepatic encephalopathy

Supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias Potentiation of digitalis toxicity Positive inotropic ventricular effect

Hypoventilation with attendant hypercapnia and hypoxemia

Chvostek's sign Trousseau's sign Weakness (severity depends on degree of potassium depletion)

Increased organic acid and ammonia production Hypokalemia Hypocalcemia Hypomagnesemia Hypophosphatemia

Polyuria Polydipsia

Urinary concentration defect Cortical and medullary renal cysts

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