1. Abi-Hanna D et al. Endoscopic band ligation for non-variceal non-ulcer gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Gastrointest Endosc 1998;48: 510-4.

2. Bemvenuti GA, Jülich MM. Ethanolamine injection for sclerotherapy of angiodysplasia of the colon. Endoscopy 1998;30:564-9.

3. Binmoeller KF, Thonke F, Soehendra N. Endoscopic hemoclip treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy 1993;25:167-70.

4. Cello JP, Grendell JH. Endoscopic laser treatment for gastrointestinal vascular ectasias. Ann Intern Med 1986;104:352-4.

5. Chung IK et al. Bleeding Dieulafoy's lesions and the choice of endo-scopic method: comparing the hemostatic efficacy of mechanical and injection methods. Gastrointest Endosc 2000;52:721-4.

6. Chung SC et al. Injection or heat probe for bleeding ulcer. Gastroenterology 1991;100:33-7.

7. Cipolletta L et al. Prospective comparison of argon plasma coagula-tor and heater probe in the endoscopic treatment of major peptic ulcer bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc 1998;48:191-5.

8. Cook DJ et al. Endoscopic therapy for acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a meta-analysis. Gastroenterology 1992; 102:139-48.

9. Dilley AV, Friend MA, Morris DL. An experimental study of optimal parameters for bipolar electrocoagulation. Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:27-30.

10. Farin G, Grund KE. Technology of argon plasma coagulation with particular regard to endoscopic applications. Endosc Surg Allied Technol 1994;2:71-7.

11. Foutch PG. Angiodysplasia of the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Gastroenterol 1993;88:807-18.

12. Harrison JD, Morris DL. Does bipolar electrocoagulation time affect vessel weld strength? Gut 1991;32:188-90.

13. Hui WM et al. A randomized comparative study of laser photocoagulation, heater probe, and bipolar electrocoagulation in the treatment of actively bleeding ulcers. Gastrointest Endosc 1991;37:299-304.

14. Jensen DM et al. A randomized prospective study of endoscopic bipolar electrocoagulation and heater probe treatment of chronic rectal bleeding from radiation telangiectasia. Gastrointest Endosc 1997;45:20-5.

15. Jensen DM et al. Urgent colonoscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of severe diverticular hemorrhage. N Engl J Med 2000;342:78-82.

16. Jensen DM, Machicado GA. Bleeding colonic angioma: Endoscopic coagulation and follow-up. Gastroenterology 1985;88:1432 (Abstract).

17. Kelly DF, Bown SG, Calder BM. Histological changes following Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation of canine gastric mucosa. Gut 1981;24:914-20.

18. Laine L. Determination of the optimal technique for bipolar electrocoagulation treatment. An experimental evaluation of the BICAP and Gold probes. Gastroenterology 1991;100:107-12.

19. Laine L. Multipolar electrocoagulation in the treatment of peptic ulcers with nonbleeding visible vessels. A prospective controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1989;110:510-4.

20. Lin HJ et al. Heater probe thermocoagulation and multipolar electrocoagulation for arrest of peptic ulcer bleeding. A prospective, randomized comparative trial. J Clin Gastroenterol 1995;21: 99-102.

21. Marwick T, Kerlin P. Angiodysplasia of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Clinical spectrum in 41 cases. J Clin Gastroenterol 1986;8: 404-7.

22. Matthewson K et al. Randomized comparison of Nd YAG laser, heater probe, and no endoscopic therapy for bleeding peptic ulcers. Gastroenterology 1990;98:1239-44.

23. Palmer KR, British Society of Gastroenterology Endoscopy Committee. Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage: guidelines. Gut. 2002;51 (Supplement IV): 1-6.

24. Rutgeerts P et al. Long term results of treatment of vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract by neodymium Yag laser photocoagulation. Gut 1985;26:586-93.

25. Sagawa T et al. Argon plasma coagulation for successful treatment of early gastric cancer with intramucosal invasion. Gut 2003;52: 334-9.

26. Slivka A, Parsons WG, Carr-Locke DL. Endoscopic band ligation for treatment of post-polypectomy hemorrhage. Gastrointest Endosc 1994;40:230-2.

27. Smith RE, Doull J. Treatment of colonic post-polypectomy bleeding site by endoscopic band ligation. Gastrointest Endosc 1994;40: 499-500.

28. Stevens PD, Lebwohl O. Hypertensive emergency and ventricular tachycardia after endoscopic epinephrine injection of a Mallory-Weiss tear. Gastrointest Endosc 1994;40:77-8.

29. Storek D et al. Argon-Plasma-Koagulation (APC) in der flexiblen Endoskopie - Kann sie den Laser ersetzen? Endoskopie heute 1994;7: 163-70.

30. Swain CP et al. Comparative study of the safety and efficacy of liquid and dry monopolar electrocoagulation in experimental canine bleeding ulcers using computerized energy monitoring. Gastroenterology 1984;86:93-103.

31. Swain CP et al. Which electrode? A comparison of four endoscopic methods of electrocoagulation in experimental bleeding ulcers. Gut 1984;25:1424-31.

32. Witte JT, Bohlman T. Endoscopic band ligation of colonic bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc 2000;51:117-9.

33. Witte JT. Band ligation for colonic bleeding: modification of multiband ligating devices for use with a colonoscope. Gastrointest En-dosc 2000;52:762-5.

34. Wong RM et al. Endoscopic ligation for non-esophageal variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Endoscopy 1998;30:774-7.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment