Abbreviation List

ADC ATP

Ca2+

Apparent diffusion coefficient Adenosine triphosphate Calcium ion

The CA1 region of the hippocampus Chloride ion

Extracellular chloride ion Cortical spreading depression

CBF

Cerebral blood flow

DC

Direct current

ECoG

Electrocorticography

ECS

Extracellular space

Hb(O)

Haemoglobin (oxidised form)

HSP

Heat shock protein

HSD

Hypoxic spreading depression - like depolarisation

IEG

Immediate early gene

IL

Interleukin

IP3

Inositol trisphosphate

K

Potassium ion

Ke

Extracellular potassium ion

MCAO

Middle cerebral artery occlusion

mM

Millimoles per litre

mRNA

Messenger ribonucleic acid

mV

Millivolts

Na+

Sodium ion

PID

Peri-infarct depolarisation

pO2

The partial pressure of oxygen

NO

Nitric oxide

Na-KATPase

Sodium-potassium ATPase

NIRS

Near infrared spectroscopy

nm

Nanometres

NAD(H)

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced form

= NADH)

Vm

Neuronal membrane potential

BDNF

Brain derived neurotrophic factor

NF-kB

Nuclear factor kappa-B

NMDA

N-methyl-D-aspartate

TPA

Tissue plasminogen activator

TBI

Traumatic brain injury

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