Fat Burning Soup Recipes
If ecosystems were isolated, no energy or matter could be exchanged across their boundaries. The systems would spontaneously degrade their initially contained exergy and increase their entropy, corresponding to a loss of order and organization, and increase in the randomness of their constituents and microstates. This dissipation process would cease at equilibrium, where no further motion or change would be possible. The physical manifestation would ultimately be a meltdown to the proverbial inorganic soup containing degradation products dispersed equiprobably throughout the entire volume of the system. All gradients of all kinds would be eliminated, and the system would be frozen in time in a stable, fixed configuration. The high-energy chemical compounds of biological systems, faced suddenly with isolation, would decompose spontaneously (but not necessarily instantaneously) to compounds with high-entropy contents. The process would be progressive to higher and higher entropy states,...
These movements occur in the forearm and foot. Supination17 (SOO-pih-NAY-shun) (fig. 9.13a) of the forearm is rotation so that the palm faces forward or upward in anatomical position, the forearm is supine. Pronation18 (fig. 9.13b) is rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces toward the rear or downward. As an aid to memory, think of it this way You are prone to stand in the most comfortable position, which is with the palm pronated. If you were holding a bowl of soup in your hand, your forearm would have to be supinated. These movements are achieved with muscles discussed in chapter 10. The supinator muscle is the most powerful, and supination is the sort of movement you would usually make with the right hand to turn a doorknob clockwise or drive a screw into a piece of wood.
(1) The first suggestion, manufacture from simple inorganic components of the primitive atmosphere, is historically important. The concept of a primordial soup in which organic compounds were formed and life originated was first proposed by Haldane in the 1920s, but it awakened scientific interest only in the 1950s, when an attempt was made to simulate prebiotic conditions in the laboratory. In 1952-3, Miller and Urey showed that if electric sparks (simulating lightning) were fired for several days through a gas mixture containing ammonia, hydrogen, carbon dioxide and water (allegedly representing the primitive Earth atmosphere), a tarry mixture formed that contained simple organic compounds such as amino acids and sugars. Miller and Urey were almost certainly wrong about the composition of the atmosphere in reality it probably contained little or no hydrogen or ammonia, without which no amino acids would have formed in the experiment. As it was, Miller and Urey obtained only a few of...
An example of interpretation is as follows regimen 1 is characterized by high consumption of meat and vegetables regimen 2 by high soup and low vegetable consumption regimen 3 by high fish and low meat consumption (respectively, 13 and 3 of the total weight of food intake) regimen 4 by high meat and
Solicitous attendants would walk the dogs at least twice a day, although animals about to be used in an experiment received additional exercise. Twice a day they received a meal from their special diet, which typically included a soup of gristle, bone and grain, as well as bread and meat. Their diet also included vegetables, fish oil and milk. Dogs that were about to undergo a particularly difficult experiment ate a special diet of sausage, bouillon, preserves and sweets.
Most scientists agree that prior to the origin of life, a variety of organic molecules would accumulate in aqueous environments. This is the so-called primeval soup , the constituents of which came from the action of radiation and lightning on simpler molecular components. Many of these reactions have been demonstrated under laboratory conditions. The molecules accumulated over very long periods of time - because they were often chemically stable, and there were no microorganisms to break them down to simpler components. (Nowadays any mixture of organic molecules, such as that the primeval soup, would simply provide food for the many bacteria, or other microorganisms, which can extract energy from these molecules by degrading them). Classical physics tells us that large numbers of molecules will always achieve a steady state of maximum disorder. It is a law of physics, but it is violated by the evolution of living organisms. The availability of energy is an essential ingredient for...
At about the time of Haldane's primaeval soup conjecture (the 1920s), Aleksander Oparin proposed that the earliest proto-organisms were membrane-bound globules that accumulated ingredients from the environment and replicated by random fission. Oparin found that when glucose, a starch-making enzyme, gum arabic and histones were mixed together in solution, self-replicating globules formed. These coacervates suggested that membranes might have formed spontaneously and become self-replicating under the right circumstances. The suggestion (see above) that life originated from membrane-bound droplets in the atmosphere is a modern version of Oparin's conjecture and it has circumstantial support. But the questions remain how and where did such droplets become filled with proteins and nucleic acids, and how and where were those polymers produced
The cytoplasm or cytosol is contained by the cell membrane. Cytoplasm is an archaic term based on primitive understanding of the cellular plasm or fluid. Current understanding shows the cytoplasm to be mostly water containing a variety of solutes. Many ions such as calcium, sodium, and potassium ions are found in the cytoplasm and engage in initiating and terminating cellular functions. In fact, the cytoplasm is a semifluid because of the volume and characteristics of its components. In some portions of the cell, the cytoplasm is gelatinous, in other portions, watery. Additionally, numerous compounds including proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids are distributed in the cytoplasm. Unlike the soup analogies used earlier, the ingredients of the cytoplasm are often distributed and arranged in specific portions of the cell, and while they may move within the cell, this movement is frequently directed by cellular machinations and chemical gradients. In an elegant video animation called The...
The importance of dietary management is illustrated in a classic text presented to the Mongol Emperor at the Yuan court in 1330 by Hu Szu-hui, who served as court dietary physician for more than 10 years. Hu's Proper and Essential Things for the Emperor's Food and Drink explains early Chinese and Mongolian ideas about the importance of dietetics. For historians, the book is of special interest for the medical and hygienic ideas it contains rather than the recipes. Still, it is interesting to consider both the medical and culinary values of entries such as Roast Wolf Soup and Boiled Sheep's Heart. Most such recipes were said to increase ch'i, but some were more specifically valued for conditions like backache and agitation of the heart. The text suggests foods that promote longevity, warns against certain foods or combinations of foods, and gives special attention to proper diets for pregnant women. Edible plants and animals were carefully classified in terms of medical theories of...
These cold-weather respiratory and urinary losses can cause significant hypovolemia. Furthermore, the onset of exercise stimulates vasodilation in the skeletal muscles. In a hypovolemic state, there may not be enough blood to supply them and a person may experience weakness, fatigue, or fainting (hypovolemic shock). In winter sports and other activities such as snow shoveling, it is important to maintain fluid balance. Even if you do not feel thirsty, it is beneficial to take ample amounts of warm liquids such as soup or cider. Coffee, tea, and alcohol, however, have diuretic effects that defeat the purpose of fluid intake.
These medications allow the two crucial neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, to be more available in the hundreds of thousands of synaptic junctions where and when they are needed for the central management functions of the brain. Medications for ADD do not create the dopamine or norepinephrine, and they do not increase the overall amount of these transmitter chemicals in the brain, as a chef might put more salt in the soup. Instead, at countless junctures of the management networks, these medications facilitate the release and slow the reuptake of these two critically important transmitter chemicals, sequentially unlocking a series of chemical gates so that transmission along these crucially important circuits can be facilitated.
Traditionally, the head of the Roman household was expected to supervise the medical affairs of his family, slaves, and animals. The actual practice of medicine, however, was regarded as a menial task suitable only for slaves and women. Most Romans relied on a combination of magic and folklore to fight disease. Each home had its special shrine and stock of herbal remedies. Appropriate rituals accompanied the administration of all drugs and the performance of any operation. It was an economical arrangement in which the same remedies, charms, and prayers served both man and beast. Cato, for example, was aware of many traditional remedies, but his favorite was cabbage, which might even be superior to chicken soup because, in addition to being harmless, it is a good source of vitamin C. In any case, Cato lived to the ripe old age of 84 during an era when the average life expectancy was about 25 years.
Very soon in this chain of events, it became clear that novel techniques were required, and that they did not exist at Karolinska. Ieuan Harris from Cambridge, UK, and Bert Vallee from Harvard published short sequence studies of the active site of ADH. I saw the publications 3,4 and was thrilled. So didTheo, and soon he arranged for me to go to Fred Sanger's department at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, UK, to study further with Ieuan Harris. (I later collaborated much also with Bert Vallee). I accepted Theo's suggestion immediately, and so I was off to Cambridge in early 1967 for well over a year's stay. Great luck I arrived there at the peak period. A fantastic time Much of the leading protein and DNA science of the world in those days centered around that whole department. Perutz's wife was head of the canteen, knowing everyone and taking care of all, including me. I was taught to punt on the river Cam by him and his family. I was taught science by Ieuan and...
Malt extract is a polysaccharide, which consists chemically of various starch breakdown products that have been reduced enzymatically, a lot of maltose, and a small amount of dextrines. Depending on the amount of maltose, it affects the bowel by promoting fermentation and can therefore have a positive effect on constipation. One teaspoon of malt extract can be added 1-3 times per day to tea or in soup. The use of lactulose syrup may also be helpful. The amount given will depend on the child's age.
Dehydration can be prevented by the intake of adequate fluids and electrolytes during the time of liquid diarrhea. In mild cases, increasing normal fluid intake (juices, soups, etc) is adequate. For more severe cases, an oral rehydration solution (ORS), which was developed to treat severe diarrhea in children, particularly in the developing world, should be taken. An ORS can be used for any type of diarrhea causing significant fluid loss. This solution contains sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate, and a carbohydrate (glucose, sucrose, or rice powder). It is available in packets (Ceralyte, Cera Products, Jessup, Maryland) that can be taken with the traveler to use as indicated. In the rare event of a cholera-like disease, where very large quantities of a watery stool are passed, IV therapy (Ringer's lactate) may be necessary. This requires a visit to a health facility, but can hopefully be avoided with the use of ORSs begun early in the course of the disease.
Due to the hydrophilic nature of bran, ingesting around 5-10 g bran will require an additional 200 ml of liquid to be drunk in other words, after the ingestion of bran it is important to drink enough. If it is not possible to ensure sufficient liquid intake, then the bran should be soaked prior to consumption, for example in water or juice. If sufficient amounts of liquid are ingested together with the bran, the time required for passage can be reduced. Bran can also be added to milk products, compotes, soups, and stews, and even to dishes with minced meat, to potato dumplings, and potato pancakes 4,9 .
The gustatory system provides the five basic tastes sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami (glutamate). The latter, which resembles mainly the taste of chicken soup, has long been claimed in the Asian literature to be a basic taste quality 13, 14 , whereas the western scientific community considered umami mainly as a ''taste enhancer''. This controversy was resolved when monosodium glutamate receptors were found on the tongue surface acting as specific taste receptors 15 . Molecular biological knowledge about taste receptors started to emerge a few years ago. Most basic taste qualities are not mediated by just one receptor type several receptors act, for example, as sweet receptors. Many other taste modalities have been postulated (metallic taste, fat taste) and are currently under investigation. Future research is expected to clarify the coding mechanisms in taste perception.
From the early days of the microscope, the cell has been differentiated as having an outer boundary membrane (the cell or plasma membrane) containing a heterogeneous soup (cytoplasm) and a nucleus. As microscopy has improved, more details have emerged from the cellular morass to be seen as distinct objects. Through study of pathologic cells and experimentation, we have come to learn about the function of these objects called organelles. For instance, a pathologic cell deficient in the organelle called rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) will demonstrate an inability to produce many proteins. Therefore, RER is involved with protein production. the outside environment. The chemical soup enclosed by the cell membrane is regulated by the membrane and its components allowing some substances into and out of the cell. This differential permeability is a hallmark of a cell membrane.
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