Abbreviations and acronyms

A-1

Aggregate-1 or Prototype-1

AAEU

Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit

ABMA

Army Ballistic Missile Agency

AEM

Animal Enclosure Module

AFB

Air Force Base

AGI

International Geophysical Year (French)

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AISS

Australian International Space School

AKA (a.k.a.)

Also Known As

AMC

Amphenol Micro Coaxial

AMFL

AeroMedical Field Laboratory

AMRL

AeroMedical Research Laboratory; Army Medical Research

Laboratory

AP

Advanced Projects (Lockheed's Advanced Development

Projects Unit - known also as the "Skunk Works'')

ARDC

Air Research and Development Command

ARPA

Advanced Research Projects Agency

ASCS

Automatic Stabilisation and Control System

ASPCA

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

BEM

Bee Enclosure Module

BIOCORE

BIOlogical COsmic Ray Experiment

BION

BIOlogical Investigations of Space (Project)

BIOS

BIOlogical Satellite

BOSS

Bioastronautics Orbital Space System

BOTEX

BOTany EXperiment

BRIC

Biological Research in Canisters

BTS

BioTelemetry System

CAAHS

Chongqing Academy of Animal Husbandry Science

CalTech California Institute of Technology

CAS China Academy of Sciences

CASC China Aerospace Science and Technical Consortium

CASI Center for Aerospace Information (NASA)

CCCC Center for Captive Chimpanzees Care

CEBA Centre d'Etudes de Biologie (Centre for Biological Studies)

CEBAS Closed Equilibrated Biological Aquatic System

CERMA Centre d'Enseignement et de Recherches de Médecine

Aéronautique (Research and Studies Centre of Aerospace Medicine)

CIA Central Intelligence Agency

CIEES Centre Interarmees d'Essais d'Engins Spéciaux (Inter-arms

Special Weapons Test Centre)

CIS Commonwealth of Independent States

CNES Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (French National Space Agency)

Convair Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation

CPE Circadian Periodicity Experiment

DEFA Direction des Etudes et Fabrications d'Armes (French

Directorate of Armaments)

DVM Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

ECG Electrocardiogram (also known as EKG)

ECS Environmental Control System

EKG See ECG

ESA European Space Agency

EST Eastern Standard Time

EVA Extra-Vehicular Activity (spacewalks)

FOE Frog Otolith Experiment

FOEP Frog Otolith Experiment Package

FSW Fanhui Shei Weixing

GDR German Democratic Republic

HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HZE High-ioniZing high-Energy particles

IAF International Astronautical Federation

IAM Institute of Aviation Medicine

IASM Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine

IBMP Institute of Biomedical Problems

ICBM InterContinental Ballistic Missile

IEPT Institute of Experimental Pathology and Toxicology

IGY International Geophysical Year

IKI Institute of Space Research

IML-2 Second International Microgravity Laboratory

IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile

IRE Institute of Radiotechnology and Electronics

JATO Jet Assisted Take-Off

Abbreviations and acronyms xxxix

JSC

Johnson Space Center

JSLC

Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre

KH

KEYHOLE

KSC

Kennedy Space Center

LSD

Dock Landing Ship

MHz

Megahertz

MIA

Mouse In Able (Project)

Mirak-1

Minimum Rocket-1

MR-BD

Mercury-Redstone Booster Development

MSFC

Marshall Space Flight Center

NACA

National Advisory Committee for Astronautics; National

Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

NAS

Naval Air Station

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NPIC

National Photographic Interpretation Center (pronounced

as "en-pick")

OART

Office of Advanced Research and Technology

OFO

Orbiting Frog Otolith

OKB

Opytnoe Konstructorskoe Byuro (Experimental Design

Bureau)

PARE-1

Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment 1

PETA

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

PSE

Physiological Systems Experiment

RAE

Royal Aircraft Establishment

RAF

Royal Air Force

RAHF

Research Animal Holding Facility

RASKO

Raketa Stucznej Kondenzacii (Experimental Science Rocket)

SAA

South Atlantic Anomaly

SAM

School of Aviation Medicine; Sally, Amy and Moe (three

black mice)

SARAH

Search And Rescue And Homing (Beacon)

SLS-1

Spacelab Life Sciences 1

SMPAA

Section Medico-Physiologique de l'Armée de l'Air (Medico-

Physiological Section of the [French] Air Force)

SPAF

Single Pass Auxiliary Fan

SPOG

Special Projectile Operations Group

SPURT

Small Primate UnRestrained Test

SRV

Satellite Recovery Vehicle

STARS

Space Technology and Research Students

STG

Space Task Group

STS

Shuttle Transportation System; Space Transportation

System

TBS

Tokyo Broadcasting Service

TCF

The Coulston Foundation

UFO

Unidentified Flying Object

USAAF

United States Army Air Force

USAF

United States Air Force

USC

University of Southern California

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

USSTAF

United States Strategic Air Forces (Europe)

V-2

Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Retaliation Weapon 2); at first, this

stood for Versuchmuster 2 (Prototype 2)

Veronique

VERnon electrONIQUE

VFEU

Vestibular Function Experimental Unit

VfR

Verein für Raumschiffahrt

VHF

Very High Frequency

WAC

Without Any Control

WD-40

Water Displacement formula 40

WSPG

White Sands Proving Ground

ZIB

Russian acronym for "substitute for missing dog Bobik"

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