The common iliac artery takes blood to the external iliac artery and the internal iliac artery that takes blood to the pelvis. In females, branches of the internal iliac artery take blood to the inner pelvis. The vesical arteries takes blood to the bladder, the uterine arteries take blood to the uterus, the vaginal arteries feed the vagina, the rectal arteries feed the rectum, and the sacral arteries go to the sacrum. The pudendal artery takes blood to the external regions where it supplies blood to the pelvic floor, the labia majora and minora and the clitoris.
In males the internal iliac artery takes blood to the bladder, rectum, sacrum, the prostate, and seminal vesicles on the inside. The pudendal artery takes blood to the scrotum, penis and external pelvic floor. In both sexes the obturator artery takes blood from the internal iliac artery to the medial thigh while the gluteal arteries take blood to the muscles posterior to the pelvic cavity.
Answer Key: a. Common iliac a., b. Internal iliac a., c. External iliac a., d. Obturator a., e. Superior vesical aa., f. Lateral sacral a., g. Gluteal aa., h. Superior gluteal a., i. Inferior gluteal a., j. Uterine a., k. Pudendal a., I. Middle rectal a., m. Vaginal a., n. Inferior vesical a.
Chapter Eight kapiajt-. Cardiovascular System HIGdlCal
Veins are blood vessels that return blood to the heart. They are characteristically colored in blue on illustrations. The deep veins typically take the name of the artery next to them or the name of the organ that provides them with blood. Therefore the femoral vein runs next to the femoral artery and the splenic vein receives blood from the spleen. Some veins have names unique to them and these are typically the superficial veins. Use the following list and label the major veins of the body and color them blue.
Cephalic vein Basilic vein Radial veins Ulnar veins Brachial vein Axillary vein Subclavian vein Brachiocephalic vein Superior vena cava Vertebral vein Internal jugular vein External jugular vein Femoral vein Great saphenous vein Small saphenous vein External iliac vein Internal iliac vein Common iliac vein Inferior vena cava Renal veins Gonadal veins
Answer Key: a. Internal jugular vein, b. Brachiocephalic vein, c. Superior vena cava, d. Brachial veins, e. Ulnar veins, f. Radial veins, g. Internal iliac vein, h. External iliac vein, i. Femoral vein, j. Vertebral vein, k. External jugular vein, I. Subclavian vein, m. Axillary vein, n. Cephalic vein, o. Basilic vein, p. Inferior vena cava, q. Renal vein, r. Gonadal vein, s. Common iliac vein, t. Great saphenous vein, u. Small saphenous vein
Chapter Eight kaplaij.. . Cardiovascular System HieCliCal
Was this article helpful?
This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.