The cardiovascular system consists of the heart as a pump, blood vessels that take blood away from the heart (arteries), and blood vessels that take blood back to the heart (veins). Locate the heart on the illustration and color it in purple. Label the common carotid artery and color it in red. Arteries are typically colored in red and veins are colored blue. Label and color in the internal jugular vein too. The internal jugular vein takes blood to the superior vena cava which takes blood to the heart. Label and color the aortic arch red and find the continuation of the aorta that travels down the left side of the body, splits and takes blood to the femoral artery. The vessel parallel to the femoral artery is the femoral vein and it should be colored blue. The femoral vein takes blood to the inferior vena cava before it goes to the heart. Blood travels to the arm by the brachial artery and deoxygenated (color it blue) blood travels to the lungs in the pulmonary trunk.
Answer Key: a. Internal jugular vein, b. Common carotid artery, c. Superior vena cava, d. Brachial artery, e. Inferior vena cava, f. Aortic arch, g. Pulmonary trunk, h. Heart, i. Aorta, j. Femoral artery, k. Femoral vein.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.