Radiographic Synopsis

AP and axial projections

1. Central clavicular defect, sharply demarcated fragments (nonunion fractures); central clavicular defect, rounded margins (congenital pseudarthro-sis)

2. Resorption of the outer portion of normal clavicles, with loss of the subchondral line, ill-defined margins, and widened acromioclavicular joint (posttraumatic osteolysis); resorption of the outer portion of hypoplastic, thin clavicles (progeria;

other progeroid syndromes; pyknodysostosis; 'cleidocranial dysplasia with parietal foramina')

3. Total aplasia or partial defects of clavicles (clei-docranial dysplasia, Yunis-Varon syndrome, mandibuloacral dysplasia, focal dermal hypoplasia)

4. Thin, short clavicles (Melnick-Needles syndrome, trisomy 18 syndrome)

Hearing Aids Inside Out

Hearing Aids Inside Out

Have you recently experienced hearing loss? Most probably you need hearing aids, but don't know much about them. To learn everything you need to know about hearing aids, read the eBook, Hearing Aids Inside Out. The book comprises 113 pages of excellent content utterly free of technical jargon, written in simple language, and in a flowing style that can easily be read and understood by all.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment