Kidney Stones

The Kidney Stone Removal Report

The Kidney Stone Removal Ebook

Get Instant Access

A renal calculus25 (kidney stone) is a hard granule of calcium, phosphate, uric acid, and protein. Renal calculi form in the renal pelvis and are usually small enough to pass unnoticed in the urine flow. Some, however, grow to several centimeters in size and block the renal pelvis or ureter, which can lead to the destruction of nephrons as pressure builds in the kidney. A large, jagged calculus passing down the ureter stimulates strong contractions that can be excruciatingly painful. It can also damage the ureter and cause hematuria. Causes of renal calculi include hypercalcemia, dehydration, pH imbalances, frequent urinary tract infections, or an enlarged prostate gland causing urine retention. Calculi are sometimes treated with stone-dissolving drugs, but often they require surgical removal. A nonsurgical technique called lithotripsy26 uses ultrasound to pulverize the calculi into fine granules easily passed in the urine.

25calc = calcium, stone + ul = little 26litho = stone + tripsy = crushing

Was this article helpful?

0 0
51 Tips for Dealing with Kidney Stones

51 Tips for Dealing with Kidney Stones

Do you have kidney stones? Do you think you do, but aren’t sure? Do you get them often, and need some preventative advice? 51 Tips for Dealing with Kidney Stones can help.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment